Wolseley, Field Marshal Garnet J., 1st Viscount (ON HOLD)
Close of an ALS by the renowned British Army Field Marshal, noted for service in Africa, Canada and Nile Expedition attempt to relieve Gordon
Type: Close of ALS
Condition: Very good, slightly close at top
Description: (1833-1913) Anglo-Irish British Army officer in Canada, West Africa, and Egypt, aided in modernizing the British Army and its efficiency. Served in Burma, Crimean War, Indian Mutiny, China, Canada and Africa, incl. his 1873-74 Ashanti Campaign and the 1884-85 Nile Expedition. Commander-in-Chief of the Forces 1895-1900.
Appointed ensign in the 12th Foot 1852, transferred to 80th Foot for the 2nd Anglo-Burmese War, severely wounded 1853, promoted to lieutenant, invalided home. Transferred to 84th Foot 1854, to 90th Light Infantry, promoted to captain, sent to the Crimea Dec. 1854. With the Royal Engineers in Siege of Sevastapol, wounded twice, lost an eye. On the fall of Sevastapol, on the Quartermaster-General’s staff. Joined 90th Foot 1857 for 2nd Opium War, sent to Calcutta in the Indian Mutiny. Distinguished at relief of Lucknow and at its 1858 capture, Dep. Asst. Quartermaster-General to the rebellion’s end. Brevet major 1858 and brevet lieut. colonel 1859. Dep. Asst. Quartermaster-General in 1860 Anglo-French China expedition. Returned home 1860, named major 1861.
Went to Canada Nov. 1861 after the Trent Affair. In 1862, on leave, Maryland Southern sympathizers got him into Virginia on a blockade runner, met Generals Lee, Longstreet, and Jackson. Returned to Canada becoming brevet colonel 1865 and Asst. Quartermaster-General in Canada. Active in 1866 defense of Canada from Fenian raids launched from the US, appointed Dep. Quartermaster-General in Canada 1867. His “Soldiers’ Pocket Book for Field Service” publ. 1869, led 1870 Red River Expedition to colonize and establish Canadian sovereignty over Northwest Territories and Manitoba.
On return home, appointed Asst. Adjutant-General 1871. In 1873, led expedition to the Ashanti, completing campaign in 2 months before unhealthy season, became a household name in Britain, receiving thanks of Parliament, £25,000, promoted to brevet major-general 1874. Natal Governor & General-Commanding 1875 after indigenous unrest, promoted to major-general 1877, brevet lieut.-general 1878, High Commissioner to Cyprus. Sent to So. Africa 1879, led forces in Zulu War and as Governor of Natal and the Transvaal and High Commissioner of Southern Africa, promoted to brevet general. To London 1880, Quartermaster-General to the Forces 1880, Adjutant-General of the Forces, in August led British forces in Egypt to suppress the Urabi Revolt. After seizing the Suez Canal, defeated Urabi Pasha at Tel el-Kebir, promoted to general, named Baron Wolesley of Cairo and of Wolesley in County of Stafford with thanks of Parliament and other honors.
In Sept. 1884, led Nile Expedition to relieve Gordon at Khartoum, arrived after Gordon was killed. Created Viscount Wolseley 1885, remained Adjutant-General of the Forces until 1890 when named Commander-in-Chief, Ireland, Field Marshal 1894, Commander-in-Chief of the Forces Nov. 1895-1901. A statue of him is in the Horse Guards Parade in London. Wolseley Barracks in London, Ontario, Canada (now, ASU London) estab. 1886 on the site of Wolseley Hall, 1st Canadian Govt. structure to house part of the new Permanent Force, used by the Army since. W. S. Gilbert based Major-General Stanley in “The Pirates of Penzance” on him. In G & S’s “Patience”, Col. Calverley praises Wolseley: “Skill of Sir Garnet in thrashing a cannibal.” Areas in Manitoba & Saskatchewan and a So. African town named for him.
2 ¾ x 4 ½ close of an ALS: ““Kindness & favour to me if [slightly clipped at top of word] it can be done./Very Sincerely yrs/Wolesley”