Tompkins, Daniel D.


1812 ALS while New York Governor to the State Comptroller seeking reimbursement for funds he supplied to the State militia Quarter Master General! 


Type:  Letter
Description: (1774-1825) 4th Governor of New York 1807–1817,  6th US Vice President 1817–25, died in office.

He graduated Columbia College in New York City in 1795, and in 1797 was admitted to the bar, practicing in New York City. He was a delegate to the 1801 New York State Constitutional Convention, a member of the State Assembly in 1804. He was elected to Congress but resigned before the beginning of the term to accept, at age 30, appointment as Associate Justice of the State Supreme Court, serving 1804-07.

In 1807, he defeated incumbent Governor Morgan Lewis and was Governor to 1817, reelected in 1810, 1813, and 1816. During the War of 1812, he promoted formation of a standing state military force based on select conscription. He declined appointment as Secretary of State by President Madison in 1814, accepting appointment as commander of the federal military district that included New York City. In 1815, he established a settlement along the eastern shore of Staten Island later called Tompkinsville. He built a dock along the waterfront in 1817 and began offering daily steam ferry service between Staten Island and Manhattan.

Tompkins was elected Vice President with James Monroe in 1816, reelected in 1820, serving March 4, 1817-March 4, 1825. In 1820, while Vice President, he ran for Governor of New York against incumbent DeWitt Clinton and lost. In 1821, he was a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Convention, and its president.

ALS while New York Governor, New York City,  April 18 1812,  to State Comptroller Archibald McIntyre in Albany. Gov. Tompkins must supply the state Quarter Master General with funds to go westward on his way through Albany and has drawn a sum to answer his checks. The Quarter Master will probably take the State Bank paper westward and Tompkins asks the Comptroller to give the Cashier a check on the Bank of New York –  “the arrangement will be beneficial to that Bank and atone for the unfavourable arrangements heretofore pursued by me in drawing public monies from the State Bank by my Checks passed at the Manhattan Bank.”  With integral address leaf and typescript.With integral address leaf and typescript.

Written just 3 months before the start of the War of 1812 began! While Governor, Tompkins personally borrowed money with his own property as collateral when the legislature would not approve necessary funds for the War of 1812. After the War, neither the state nor Federal governments reimbursed him so he could repay his loans. Litigation did not end until 1824 at which point New York and the US government owed him $90,000, equivalent to approx. $2,579,000 today. His financial problems took a toll on his health, with Tompkins falling into alcoholism, and as Vice President at times presided over the Senate while intoxicated. He died 3 months after retiring as Vice President.

Archibald McIntyre (1772-1858) Scottish-born New York merchant and politician, Deputy Secretary of State 1801-06, State Comptroller 1806-21, a presidential elector in 1828 & 1840. In partnership with his son-in-law David Henderson, he ran iron ore mines in and around North Elba, NY, incl. the North Elba Ironworks, the McIntyre Mine and the Adirondack Iron Company. He was also involved in the early development of Jersey City, New Jersey. He was a member of the New York State Assembly from Montgomery County 1798-1799, 1800, 1800-1801, 1802, 1804, 1812 and 1820-21. He was member of the New York State Senate in 1822 and 1823-26. In 1836, he was president of the New York State Agricultural Society. On May 20, 1842, the Ithaca and Owego Railroad was sold by the Comptroller in Albany to Henry Yates (brother of Governor Joseph C. Yates) and McIntyre for $4,500, an additional $13,500 paid for the equipment. From 1821-34, he and Yates operated the lotteries in New York and other states. Yates and McIntyre reorganized the road in 1843, under the name of Cayuga and Susquehanna Railroad Company. In 1849, they sold it to the Leggett”s Gap Railroad, and it became later part of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad. The MacIntyre Mountains in the Adirondacks are named after him.

The War of 1812 was brought about by long-held differences over trade and territorial expansion in No. America between Britain and the US. Tensions were heightened by the Royal Navy’s stopping American ships and impressing men claimed to be British subjects, even with American citizenship certificates.  Another factor was British support for Northwest tribes who opposed American colonial settlements, including Tecumseh’s War of 1810. On June 18,1812, Congress declared war on Britain along party lines in the House and Senate, the Democratic-Republican Party (Tompkins’ party) in favor, the Federalist Party opposed.

Condition: Very good

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