Pace Jr., Frank
1974 TLS of the Korean War Army Secretary,” psywar” advocate, one of the “Eisenhower Ten”, and business executive, honored to participate in an Army oral history program
Autograph ID: 6802
Condition: Very good, red pencil docket at top right
Description: ” (1912-1988) 3rd Secretary of the Army and business executive. Graduate of Harvard Law in 1936, in 1942 he was commissioned a 2nd Lieut. in the Army Air Corps becoming a Major by 1945 in the Air Transport Command. After leaving the Army he became an assistant to the US Attorney General then executive asst. to the Postmaster General. In 1948 he went to the Bureau of the Budget, first as Asst. Director then as Director 1949-50. He was named Secretary of the Army in 1950, serving to 1953 during the Korean War. Less than a day after President Truman decided to send US troops to aid UN and South Korean forces on the Korean Peninsula, the 1st “ppira” were designed, printed, and dropped from an aircraft over the battle area. Army Secretary Pace strongly endorsed psychological operations, encouraging his men to “bury the enemy with paper.” He believed that the Korean situation offered a special opportunity for highly profitable exploitations of psychological warfare. Leaflets were designed at the Army Operations Research Office and managed under contract by Johns Hopkins University. They ranged in size from 3×5 to newspaper size, delivered most often by aircraft in a special bomb with a hinged side that blew off after a predetermined amount of time. He was CEO of General Dynamics Corp. 1953-62, then selected as Administrator-Designate of the Emergency Transport Agency, part of a top secret group formed by President Eisenhower in 1958 that would serve in the event of a national emergency such as a nuclear war, called “The Eisenhower Ten.” In 1964, Pace joined David Rockefeller to launch the International Executive Service Corps, established to help bring about prosperity and stability in developing nations through growth of private enterprise, using American management talent to help developing countries. He was a founder and chairman of IESC 1964-82. He was also the 1st Chairman of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, 1968-72 and founded the Executive Service Corps in 1977,which recruited retired private-sector executives and professionals to bring their valuable business expertise to help nonprofit organizations across the nation.
TLS on 8 x 5 ¼ personal letterhead, NYC, September 12 1974, to Major General DeWitt C. Smith Jr., Commandant, Army War College. Pace is honored to participate in the Army’s Senior Officer Oral History Program, will cooperate within the substantial limits of his time. With envelope.
DeWITT C. SMITH,JR. (1920 -1985) US Army officer, former deputy Army Chief of Staff, twice (and longest-serving) Army War College commandant 1974 -77, 1978-80. Joined the Army 1942, commissioned 2nd lieutenant, with the 4th Armored Div. in combat after Normandy to the end of the War. Wounded 3 times, awarded Silver Star, 2 Bronze Stars, and 3 Purple Hearts. Discharged 1946, returned to active duty in Korea and stayed in the military. He was an aide to Chief of Staff Maxwell Taylor, served in the “Old Guard” at Fort Myer, a battalion XO and commander in Germany. He served at the Pentagon before going to the Army War College. Led a combat brigade of the 1st Infantry in Vietnam. In 1970, under his leadership, Fort Carson, Colo. was made an initial test site for the modern volunteer Army concept. After his stints at the War College, he retired in 1980.”