MacArthur, Douglas (ON HOLD)


Signed 1956 Philippine stamp First Day Cover commemorating the 22nd anniversary of US forces landing in Leyte to begin the liberation of the Philippines


Type: Signed Cover
Description: (1880-1964) USMA 1903, Army Chief of Staff in early 30’s, Commander-in-Chief of Allied Forces in the Pacific in WW II. He officially accepted Japan’s surrender on 2 September 1945, and oversaw the occupation of Japan from 1945 to 1951. He led the United Nations Command in the Korean War until he was removed from command by President Truman on 11 April 1951.

3 ¾ x 6 ½ Philippine 5c stamp cacheted cover postmarked Manila, Philippines, October 20 1956, First Day of Issue, commemorating the Leyte landing of US liberation forces led by General MacArthur, boldly signed by MacArthur who is pictured on the envelope with the Leyte Landing Memorial. With print of the iconic wade in the surf photo for framing.

On 20 October 1944, General MacArthur waded ashore on Leyte Island to begin the capture of the Philippines from Japan. MacArthur and his entourage during the historic A-Day Landing as captured in the iconic photo by Gaetano Fallace included President-in-exile Sergio Osmena, Lieutenant General Richard Sutherland, Brigadier General Carlos Romulo, Major General Courtney Whitney,  Sergeant Francisco Salveron, aide and orderly to Gen. MacArthur, and CBS Radio correspondent William J. Dunn. MacArthur fulfilled his promise of “I shall return” at Red Beach, the codename assigned by the US Sixth Army. The official story of October 20, 1944 was of MacArthur waiting and watching aboard the USS Nashville. The general was said to have waded in knee-deep waters as his craft grounded to a halt due to the shallow sea, sporadic fire from the enemy notwithstanding. There were rumors that the landing photo had been staged as the New York Times reported that Osmeña had landed on Leyte on October 21, a day after the reported MacArthur landing date. There were also the 3 photographs taken at varying angles of the landing, furthering the impression that everything had been rehearsed. In fact, there was no “staged photo op” at Leyte in October 1944 that resulted in the most famous photograph. The confusion was the result of MacArthur landing on 3 completely different beaches for 4 days in a row, where he talked to all the different frontline commanders at each beach, until he re-installed the Filipino government and firmly established headquarters on Filipino territory on October 23. The Leyte beach landing area was not safe at all due to Japanese mortars and machine guns for MacArthur to stay permanently until the 4th day. There were so many photos taken on those four days that confusion persists to the present day.

Condition: Very good

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