German soprano, with Vienna State Opera 1916-37, "discovered" the Trapp Family singers in Salzburg in 1936, persuaded them to sing in public
Autograph ID: 6679
Condition: Very Good, partly in dark area of photo but most discernible
Description: “(1888-1976) German soprano associated with German repertory, sang in operas by Strauss, Wagner, Beethoven, Mozart, Puccini, and Massenet. Her greatest roles were as the Marschallin in "Der Rosenkavalier", Sieglinde in "Die Walkure", and the title role in "Fidelio." During her long career, she made 500+ recordings, her lieder performances considered among the best ever recorded. She gave her debut as Eva in "Die Meistersinger von Nurnberg" at the Vienna Court (later Vienna State) Opera in 1914 (joining) in 1916, becoming one of its most beloved stars in roles such as Elisabeth in "Tannhauser" and Elsa in "Lohengrin." She created roles in world premieres of operas by Richard Strauss, incl. the Composer in "Ariadne auf Naxos" in 1916 (later she sang the title role), the Dyer's Wife in "Die Frau ohne Schatten" in 1919 and Christine in "Intermezzo" in 1924. Her other Strauss roles were the title roles in "Arabella" and "Der Rosenkavalier" (earlier in her career, she sang the role of Sophie; when she added the Marschallin to her repertoire, she became the 1st soprano to have sung all 3 female lead roles). Her Puccini roles at the Vienna State Opera included title roles in "Tosca", "Manon Lescault", "Madama Butterfly", "Suor Angelica", "Turandot", and in "La Boheme" and "Il Tabarro." In 21 years with the Vienna State Opera (1916-37), Lehmann sang 50+ different roles. She debuted in London in 1914, and performed 1924-35 at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden where aside from Wagner and the Marschallin, she sang in "Otello" and "Don Giovanni". She appeared regularly at the Salzburg Festival 1926-37 with Toscanini and Bruno Walter. In August 1936, while in Salzburg, she discovered the Trapp Family Singers and persuaded the reluctant Baron to relent on forbidding singing in public, leading to their 1st public performance. In 1930, Lehmann made her US debut in Chicago as Sieglinde, returning to the US annually and also performed in South America. Before Germany annexed Austria in 1938, she emigrated to America (her stepchildren had a Jewish mother) and sang at the San Francisco Opera and at the Metropolitan Opera to 1945. She also acted in film, incl. "The Big City" (1948). After 1951 retirement from the recital stage, she taught at the Music Academy of the West which she helped found in 1947. She also gave master classes in NYC, Chicago, London, Vienna, and other cities and was a prolific author, publishing a book of poems, a novel, and a book of memoirs, volumes on interpretation of song and interpretation of opera roles.
10 x 8 Capitol Records b&w bust publicity portrait in older age (not in costume) inscribed and signed in green ink with sentiment, 1968.”