Kellogg, William P.
Controversial Reconstruction era Louisiana “carpetbagger” Senator, Governor and US Rep, one of few Senators elected to the House after leaving the Senate
Autograph ID: 7012
Condition: Very good
Description: “(1830-1918) Vermont-born Louisiana US Senator 1868-72 & 1877-83, US Rep 1883-85 (one of few Senators elected to the House immediately after leaving the Senate), Governor 1873-77, last GOP governor until 1980. He was one of the most important Louisiana politicians during and immediately after Reconstruction, and maintained power longer than most “carpetbagger” GOP elected officials. He moved to Illinois at 18 and became a lawyer, joining the Republican Party. When Lincoln became president in 1861, he appointed Kellogg Chief Justice of the Nebraska Territory Supreme Court. When the Civil War began, Kellogg took a leave of absence, and returned to Illinois, joining the 7th Ill. Vol. Cavalry, rising to colonel. He resigned due to ill health 1862 and resumed work as Neb. Chief Justice. Days before his assassination, Lincoln appointed Kellogg federal collector of customs for New Orleans which launched his 20-year Louisiana political career, one of the 1st “carpetbaggers”. He remained Collector of New Orleans until 1868, when elected to the US Senate, the year “reconstructed” Louisiana was readmitted to the Union. In 1872, Kellogg was elected governor, resigning from the Senate. Election results were disputed by the Democrats and the state was in political turmoil for months as both candidates held inaugurations, certified their local candidate slates and tried to gather political power. Violence incl. the Colfax Massacre in April 1873. GOP Gov. Warmoth, Kellogg’s rival, controlled the institution which administered elections; his board named Democratic candidate McEnery the winner. A rival board claimed Kellogg as the victor, although that board had no ballots or returns to count. Warmoth was impeached for allegedly stealing the election and black Republican P. B. S. Pinchback became governor for 35 days until Grant seated Kellogg as Governor with Federal protection. McEnery’s faction established a “rump legislature” in New Orleans to oppose Kellogg’s actions. McEnery urged his supporters to take up arms against Kellogg’s fraudulent government. In 1874 the anti-GOP White League sent 5,000 paramilitary men into New Orleans and at the Battle of Liberty Place, defeated the 3,500-man Metropolitan Police and state militia and took over state government offices for a few days, retreating before the arrival of US troops sent by President Grant. Despite the intense white backlash against the GOP, Kellogg was elected to the US Senate in 1876, serving to 1873 and elected US Rep in 1882, serving 1883-85, then retired from political life.
Signed 2 Â¾ x 5 Â¼ fragment of an autograph album page, likely while US Senator, adds “Louisiana” under signature; Washington, ca. 1878.”