Ipatieff, Vladimir N.


Russian-born chemist noted for work in petroleum chemistry and catalysts, improved high octane gasoline



Type: Autograph Sentiment Signed
Description:  (1867-1952) Russian-born American chemist, his most important contributions are in the field of petroleum chemistry and catalysts.

The July 17, 1918 murders of Czar Nicholas and the rest of the royal family took place in the basement of a vacation home owned by his family in Ekaterinburg. His first works in chemistry were devoted to the study of metals and explosives. Later, his works on catalysis methods under high pressure made him famous as a chemist. With the start of WW I, Ipatieff organized a dedicated Petersburg laboratory which made improvements to chemical weaponry and the methods of chemical protection for the army. Before the October Revolution, Ipatieff was a General-Lieutenant of the Russian army and a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

After the revolution and civil war, he was active in creating and heading several important chemical research centers in the USSR, Lenin called him “the head of our [Soviet] chemical industry”. In 1930, Ipatieff prepared to attend a Munich industry conference; though he spoke no English, he fled to the United States and secured a research-focused chemistry professorship at Northwestern University in Evanston, Ill. There, with assistant Herman Pines, he discovered alternative fuel mixtures and procedures that greatly enhanced engine performance with high octane gasoline. It is said that after changing to Ipatieff fuel mixtures, the RAF was able to best German planes that previously outperformed the British. Increasingly, he devoted time to commercial applications of his breakthroughs in fuel chemistry, and worked extensively for Universal Oil Products LLC.

He and his students made significant contributions to organic synthesis and petroleum refining and he is considered one of the founding fathers of US modern petroleum chemistry. Ipatieff held 200+ patents and published 300+ research papers.

The American Chemical Society established  the Ipatieff Prize, awarded every 3 years, to honor outstanding experimental work in the field of catalysis or high-pressure chemistry by researchers under age 40.

Insc. Autograph Sentiment (“with my best wishes – may you someday discover an even higher octane gasoline”) Signed on 2 x 3 ½ card as “Prof. V. N. Ipatieff”, with 2nd signature, dated January 25 1948 by him.

Condition:Very Good

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