George III


1808 DS by  America’s last King and future Prime Minster 2nd Earl of Liverpool, permit during the Napoleonic Wars for 3 neutral ships to transport wine and other permitted goods from Spain to English ports 


Type: Document
Description: (1738-1820) King of England 1760-1820, Elector (1760-1815) and King (1815-20) of Hanover, America’s last monarch. Struggled to abolish party system and with bouts of mental illness. Supported government policies that led to American Revolution and independence, blocked Catholic emancipation. After 1811 was blind and permanently deranged, his son (later George IV) acting as regent until the King’s death.

Partly printed 14 ½ x 9 ½ DS George R as King, St. James’, March 19 1808, signed also by Home Secretary (and future PM Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool) Baron Hawkesbury. The King grants a “Royal License or Pass for permitting three vessels belonging to any country not at war with us, to proceed from Cadiz or St. Lucar to the Port of Plymouth or Portsmouth with three cargoes of wine and such goods as are allowed by our Order of the 11th of November 1807 to be imported, or to the Ports of Leith, Hull, Bristol, Southampton or London.” Signed also by licensee William Strachan of London. Paper seal at top left. With integral leaf. FRAMEABLE!

Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool (1770-1828) British Tory, Prime Minister 1812-27. In May 1796, when his father was created Earl of Liverpool, he took the courtesy title of Lord Hawkesbury and remained in the Commons. He became Baron Hawkesbury in his own right and was elevated to the House of Lords November 1803 in recognition of his work as Foreign Secretary. He held many important cabinet offices such as Foreign Secretary, Home Secretary, and Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. He was also a member of the House of Lords and served as Leader. As PM, he dealt smoothly with the Prince Regent when King George III was incapacitated. He also steered the country through the period of radicalism and unrest after the Napoleonic Wars. He favored the landed, commercial and manufacturing interests and sought compromise on the heated issue of Catholic emancipation. The revival of the economy strengthened his political position. Important events during his time as PM included the War of 1812 with the United States, the 6th & 7th Coalitions against the French Empire, the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars at the Congress of Vienna, and the Corn Laws.

Condition: Very good, some soiling, heavy folds

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