Farrar-Hockley, General Sir Anthony H.


1980 ALS while commanding NATO Forces in Northern Europe to the Commandant, Army War College praising his kindness and reputation


Autograph ID: 6791
Condition: Very good
Description: “(“Farrar the Para”, 1924-2006) British Army officer and military historian. At 15 ran away and enlisted in the Gloucestershire Regt. in the British Army. That he was underage was discovered, he was discharged and re-enlisted in 1941, promoted to sergeant at 17, and commissioned in the Wiltshire Regt. at 18 before transferring to the Parachute Regt. Nov. 1942. He fought with the 6th (Royal) Welch Parachute Brigade, a company commander at 20, in the 2nd Parachute Brigade in Italy, So. France and Greece. He won the Military Cross (MC) in 1944 while fighting communist rebels in Athens in the Greek Civil War. After post-war service with the “Glorious Glosters” during the Palestine Emergency, he fought in Korea with them as adjutant. During the Battle of the Imjin River and fight for Hill 235, “A” Company had undergone lengthy attack, taken severe officer casualties and struggled. Farrar-Hockley volunteered to reinforce the company which retrenched and held on for some time. They became surrounded, ran out of ammunition, and after hand-to-hand fighting with bayonets were ordered to withdraw. He organized an orderly withdrawal but as one of the last to leave the position, he was captured and spent 2 years as a POW. He was awarded the DSO although a captain, the DSO usually given to more senior ranks. After service in the Cyprus Emergency & Egypt (1956) and Jordan (1958), he became chief instructor (1959–61) at Sandhurst. In 1962 he took command of 3rd Btn, Parachute Regiment in the Persian Gulf. In 1964 during the Aden Emergency, his battalion captured a stronghold held by nationalists and tribesmen in the mountains north of Aden, Wadi Dhubsan. He was awarded a Bar to his DSO. 1n 1965 Farrar-Hockley was posted as Chief of Staff to the Director of Operations in Borneo. Indonesia’s President Sukarno was confronting the new Federation of Malaya. Secret cross-border operations which Farrar-Hockley helped organize on Indonesian territory helped end the ill-judged military confrontation. After commanding the 16th Parachute Brigade 1966-68, he was promoted to Major General, appointed First Commander Land Forces in Belfast where he was the 1st senior officer to acknowledge publicly that the IRA was behind the violence. He then commanded the 4th Div., Army of the Rhine (1971–73) before returning to the Defence Ministry in charge of Combat Development for the Army. He was C-in-C of NATO Allied Forces Northern Europe 1979 to his 1982 retirement. During retirement Farrar-Hockley carried out historical research and published 14+ WW I, WW II and Korean War histories and biographies, acted as a consultant and was a frequent pundit in newspapers and on TV and radio. He was an IRA target having been found on an IRA hit list in the 80s. In 1990, his 5-year-old grandson found a bomb in his garden which failed to explode.

ALS “Tony”, 2pp (both sides of his 8 ¼ x 5 ¾ personal C-in-C, Allied Forces Northern Europe letterhead), Kolsas, Norway, May 18 1980, to Major General DeWitt C. Smith Jr., Commandant, Army War College. Farrar-Hockley, in Washington, sends thanks for Smith’s kindness and arrangements at Fort Carlisle (AWC), memorable occasion, regretting he shall not see him again as Commandant (Smith retired later that year). He mentions that all Smith’s colleagues have high praise for him and what he has done at AWC, invites he and his wife to visit Farrar-Hockley and his wife in Norway, Denmark or England. With hand-addressed envelope, not postally sent.

DeWITT C. SMITH,JR. (1920 -1985) US Army officer, former deputy Army Chief of Staff, twice (and longest-serving) Army War College commandant 1974 -77, 1978-80. Joined the Army 1942, commissioned 2nd lieutenant, with the 4th Armored Div. in combat after Normandy to the end of the War. Wounded 3 times, awarded Silver Star, 2 Bronze Stars, and 3 Purple Hearts. Discharged 1946, returned to active duty in Korea and stayed in the military. He was an aide to Chief of Staff Maxwell Taylor, served in the “Old Guard” at Fort Myer, a battalion XO and commander in Germany. He served at the Pentagon before going to the Army War College. Led a combat brigade of the 1st Infantry in Vietnam. In 1970, under his leadership, Fort Carson, Colo. was made an initial test site for the modern volunteer Army concept. After his stints at the War College, he retired in 1980.”
Type: Letter

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