Diaz, Armando, 1st Duke of the Victory
Italian general in WW I, his decisive victory at the Battle of Vittorio Veneto ended the war on the Italian Front
Type: Signed Card
Description: Armando Diaz, 1st Duke of the Victory (1861-1928) Italian soldier, Marshal of Italy, considered one of the greatest WW I generals.
He became an artillery officer in 1884, in 1890 captain, 1st Artillery. In 1894, he attended the School of War and moved into the Army Staff under General Alberto Polli for 2 years. Promoted to infantry major 1899, led a battalion of the 26th Infantry Regt. for 1 ½ years. Lieut. Colonel 1905, Chief of Staff, Florence Military Division. In 1910, served in the Italo-Turkish War as Colonel, commanding the 21st Infantry, and when it lost its commander, the 93rd Infantry. He was injured at Zanzur in Libya in 1912.
With the High Command as head of operations under General Luigi Cadorna at the outbreak of WW I. Promoted to 2-star general June 1916, he led 49th division, then 23rd Army Corps. The October 1917 Battle of Caporetto was disastrous to the Army and on Nov. 8 1917, he succeeded Cadorna as Chief of the General Staff. Recovering what remained of the army, he organized resistance in 1917 on the Monte Grappa massif and along the Piave River, halted the Austro-Hungarian offensive. In summer 1918, he oversaw victory in the 2nd Battle of the Piave River and, later that year, led 1.4 million Italian troops in the Battle of Vittorio Veneto, ending the war on the Italian Front. With his famous Bollettino della Vittoria (Victory Address), he declared the rout of the Austro-Hungarians and Italy’s victory.
After the War, Diaz was appointed a senator, ennobled in 1921 by King Victor Emmanuel III and named 1st Duca della Vittoria (“Duke of the Victory”). Mussolini named him Minister of War, promoting him to Field Marshal. On 1 November 1921, Diaz was in Kansas City to attend the groundbreaking ceremony for the Liberty Memorial there; in 1935, bas-reliefs of Jacques, Foch, Diaz, and Pershing were added to the Memorial. Named Marshal of Italy (Maresciallo d’Italia) on 1924 retirement.
Signed 2 ¼ x 3 ½ card as General, dated February 2, 1922 by him
Condition: Very good, few very tiny spots