Collins, Jos. Lawton
Army commander in European & Pacific theaters, Army Chief of Staff in Korean War
Autograph ID: 4108
Condition: Very Good, back flap damage repaired at top right
Description: “Joseph “Lightning Joe” Lawton Collins (1896-1987) USMA 1917, Army general in WW II, served in both the Pacific and European Theaters of Operations. Elder brother James Lawton Collins was an Army Major General, and nephew, Michael Collins was the Command Module Pilot on the 1969 Apollo 11 mission.
He was Army Chief of Staff during the Korean War. Lieutenant colonel June 1940, chief of staff of VII Corps 1941. Promoted to the temporary ranks of colonel, January 1941, brigadier general, February 1942, and major general, May 1942. Chief of staff of Hawaiian Department, 1941–1942, commanding general of the 25th Infantry Division, the “Tropic Lightning” Division, on Oahu and in operations against the Japanese on Guadalcanal, 1942–43 and on New Georgia July- October 1943. Transferred to Europe, led VII Corps in the Normandy invasion and Utah Beach landing, and in Western European campaigns to the German surrender. Collins was promoted to temporary lieutenant general (April) and permanent brigadier general (June), 1945. Deputy commanding general and chief of staff of Army Ground Forces, Aug.-Dec. 1945; Army director of information (later chief of public information) 1945–47; Army deputy (later vice) chief of staff 1947–49; promoted to temporary general and permanent major general, January 1948. Army Chief of Staff 1949-53, he was the Army’s senior officer throughout the Korean War. Directed Army’s operation of the railroads, brought the 1st Special Forces group into the order of battle, and closely associated with development of the Army’s contribution to the newly established North Atlantic Treaty Organization. US representative to the Military Committee and the Standing Group of NATO, 1953–1954; was special representative of the US in Vietnam with ambassadorial rank1954–55; returned to NATO assignment; retired from active service March 1956.
Signed 1950 3c Boy Scouts of America stamp cacheted 3 ¾ x 6 ½ First Day Cover postmarked “First Day of Issue”, Valley Forge, Penna., January 30 1950.”
Type: First Day Cover