Cockrell, Francis M. & Armstrong, David H.


Missouri’s post-Reconstruction Era US Senators


Autograph ID: 5229
Condition: Very good, slight smear at “C” in Cockrell’s signature, ink dot at right side
Description: “FRANCIS M. COCKRELL (1834-1915) Confederate military commander, 5-term Missouri US Senator. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1855, practicing until the outbreak of the Civil War. In 1861, he joined the Missouri State Guard as a captain. After transferring to the Confederate army and being promoted to colonel, he was an important leader in the Vicksburg Campaign where he was wounded. Cockrell distinguished himself at the Battle of Champion Hill, launching a counterattack that temporarily ousted troops of XVII Corps off the hill. He also took part in the Battle of Big Black River Bridge. His brigade was able to escape just before federal troops seized the bridge. He was promoted to Brigadier General July 18, 1863 and fought in the Atlanta Campaign, participating in Hood's Tennessee Campaign later that year (where he was wounded). In April 1865, he was captured in Alabama and paroled after a few weeks. He returned to his law practice in Missouri. In 1874, Cockrell was elected to the US Senate as a Democrat by the state legislature and served 1875-1905, when he retired. He held chairmanships of the Claims Committee, Engrossed Bills Committee and Appropriations Committee during his Senate career. He received 42 votes for President at the 1904 Democratic National Convention, but was defeated by Alton B. Parker. He was appointed to the Interstate Commerce Commission by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1905 serving to 1910. He then became part of a commission that negotiated the Texas and New Mexico Territory boundaries before statehood. In 1912, he became War Department Director of Ordnance, serving until his death.

DAVID H. ARMSTRONG (1812-1893) Nova Scotia-born Missouri US Senator 1877-79. He was comptroller of St. Louis 1847-50, St. Louis postmaster 1854-58 and a member of the Board of Police Commissioners 1873-76. He was a member of the Board of Freeholders that framed the charter of St. Louis in 1876, and appointed as a Democrat to the US Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Lewis V. Bogy. He served Sept. 29, 1877-Jan. 26, 1879, when a successor was elected and qualified; he was not a candidate for reelection in 1879.

4 ½ x 7 ¼ Autograph album page signed by Missouri’s Democratic US Senators, David H. Armstrong (adds “Missouri” under signature) and ex-CSA general Francis M. Cockrell (adds “Warrensburg Mo” under signature). Undated but ca. Nd (ca. 1877-79).”
Type: Signed Album Pages

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