Adams, John Quincy (ON HOLD)


1825 grant of 160 acres of land in the “Detroit Territory of Michigan” signed by President John Quincy Adams


Type: Document
Description: (1767-1848) Statesman, diplomat, minister and ambassador to foreign nations and treaty negotiator, Mass. US Senator & Rep, 6th US President 1825-29.

Eldest son of 2nd President John Adams, he was a Federalist like his father, later switching to the Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican, National Republican, and the Anti-Masonic and Whig parties when they were organized. He shaped early US foreign policy using his ardent nationalist commitment to US republican values.

Adams played an important role in negotiating key treaties, incl. the Treaty of Ghent to end the War of 1812. As Secretary of State, he negotiated with Great Britain over the northern border with Canada from the Great Lakes to the Rocky Mountains in 1818, and the Adams-Onis Treaty with Spain which allowed the annexation and purchase of Florida and drafted the “Monroe Doctrine”.

He was elected president in a close and controversial 4-way contest in 1824. As president he sought to modernize the economy and promote education. Adams enacted a part of his agenda and paid off much of the national debt. He was often stymied by a Congress controlled by opponents, and his lack of patronage networks helped politicians sabotage him. He lost his 1828 bid for re-election to Andrew Jackson. After leaving office, he was elected a US Rep in 1830, serving for the last 17 years of his life with greater acclaim than he had achieved as president. Animated by revulsion against slavery, he successfully co-defended the Amistad defendants and was a critic of the annexation of Texas and the Mexican-American War.

Partly-printed 9 ¾ x 15 ½ vellum DS as President signed “J. Q. Adams” at lower right, Washington, April 1, 1825, Certificate No. 735, grant of 160 acres of land to Norten Porter of Wayne County, NY “…in the District of Detroit of Territory of Michigan”. Countersigned by General Land Office Commissioner George Graham. With seal at lower left.

George Graham  (1770-1830) Virginia planter, lawyer, soldier, politician, and early federal government bureaucrat. He served twice as acting Secretary of War, incl. during the transition between Presidents Madison and Monroe’s administrations, as well as Commissioner of the US General Land Office (1823-30) under Presidents John Q. Adams and Andrew Jackson.

Born near Dumfries in Prince William County, Va., he practiced law in Dumfries and neighboring Fairfax County and also surveyed lands across the Appalachian Mountains. He was elected to the House of Delegates in 1808, and was a presidential elector for Presidents Jefferson (once) and Madison (twice). During the War of 1812, he was captain of a cavalry company, sometimes called the Fairfax Light Horse or Dragoons.  After  the conflict, Graham accepted a position with the War Department, and rose to become Chief Clerk.  On Oct. 22, 1816, President Madison designated him Acting Secretary until John C. Calhoun arrived and took over as Secretary on Oct. 8, 1817. Following his federal service, Graham became president of the Washington branch of the troubled Bank of the United States (1819–23). He returned to federal service following the promotion of John McLean to Postmaster General, this time as commissioner of the US General Land Office, serving through the administrations of Presidents John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson until his death.

Condition: Very good, light folds few small stains not affecting content. Content is a trifle light but most legible! (Item clearer and cleaner than image might suggest!)

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