1st Baron Raglan, FitzRoy James Henry Somerset


Envelope addressed by Lord Raglan to Vice Admiral the Earl Cadogan, good association!


Type: Franked envelope
Description: (1788-1855) known before 1852 as Lord FitzRoy Somerset, British Army officer in command of troops In Crimea. As a junior officer, served in the Peninsular War and the Waterloo campaign, latterly as military secretary to the Duke of Wellington, He was also an MP and Master-General of the Ordnance.  He became commander of the British troops sent to the Crimea in 1854: his primary objective was to defend Constantinople, and he was also ordered to besiege the Russian port of Sevastopol. After early success at the Battle of Alma, a failure to deliver orders with sufficient clarity caused the fateful “Charge of the Light Brigade” at Balaclava. Despite further success at the Battle of Inkerman, a poorly coordinated June 1855 allied assault on Sevastopol was a complete failure. Raglan died later that month from dysentery and depression.

5 ¼ x 4 ¼ mounted front and back of an envelope franked “Raglan”, addressed in another hand to Vice Admiral the Earl Cadogan, London, no date (1851-55). The envelope has been cut open and mounted so as to show the black wax seal of Earl Cadogan that was on the verso. With 9 ¾ x 8 ¼ portrait of Lord Raglan in uniform jacket with empty right sleeve. Good association of notable British military personages!

Admiral George Cadogan, 3rd Earl Cadogan, CB (1783-1864) British Royal Navy officer and politician who first gained fame for his service in the Adriatic campaign of the Napoleonic Wars in command of HMS Havannah, later served as ADC to successive British monarchs and received promotion to full admiral.

He inherited his father’s titles in 1832, becoming 3rd Earl Cadogan, also created 1st Baron Oakley of Caversham in 1831. Joining the Navy at 13, Cadogan served in the French Revolutionary Wars. In 1804 Commander Cadogan was captain of the 18-gun ship-sloop HMS Cyane. On 11 November 1804, Cyane captured an 18-gun French privateer brig, however, on 12 May 1805, the French captured Cadogan and Cyane. When cruising between Barbados and Martinique when she had the misfortune to encounter a French fleet under Admiral Villeneuve, and French frigates so out-gunned Cyane that Cadogan had no choice but to strike his colors.

In 1811 he was given command of the newly commissioned HMS Havannah, a 36-gun 5th rate frigate. In 1812 Havannah was ordered to the Adriatic, to reinforce the British squadron there that had already defeated French forces in the area in 1811. In 1813 Cadogan was ordered to operate against the Northern Italian coastline in conjunction with the approaching Austrian Empire forces of during the War of the 6th Coalition. Cadogan was highly successful, destroying or capturing numerous French and Italian ships on the French-held coastline. In October 1813, Cadogan was attached to the force that forced the surrender of Trieste and later in the year, Havannah successfully captured Zara from the French garrison in a daring coastal raid. In 1815, Cadogan returned to Britain. He remained a prominent naval officer serving as ADC to King William IV 1830–37 and Queen Victoria 1837-41. By 1851, Cadogan was a vice-admiral and died a full admiral.

Condition: Good, very light soiling and aging to both

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